Common Shoulder Problems

Shoulder Surgeon George, Garden Route, Western Cape

Shoulder Injuries & Conditions

A majority of shoulder pain problems involve the muscles, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons. In particular, athletes and skilled workers are especially susceptible to issues involving shoulder blade pain or shoulder joint pain. Because of repetitive, intensive routines, shoulder pain can develop over time.

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majority of shoulder pain problems involve the muscles
Rotator Cuff Tears

Rotator Cuff Tears

Keeping the ball of your upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder, the rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint. People who repeatedly perform overhead motions in their jobs or sports are more likely to sustain rotator cuff injuries. Age is another factor for risk of rotator cuff injury.

The pain associated with a rotator cuff tear is often described as a dull ache that originates deep in the shoulder. It may be accompanied by weakness in the arm and can cause difficulty reaching behind your back or overhead. Often the pain will disturb your sleep, especially when lying on the injured shoulder.

Shoulder impingement | Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

Tenderness in the front of the shoulder or the midpoint of the arm is often caused by rotator cuff pain. When lifting your arms you also might experience shoulder pain and stiffness. Symptoms of night pain and difficulty sleeping are also problems associated with rotator cuff pain.

Onset symptoms may be mild and patients usually do not seek treatment at an early stage. These symptoms may include: pain radiating to the side of the arm from the front of the shoulder, sudden pain when reaching, minor pain both at rest and with activity, and for athletes, shoulder pain when throwing a ball. As the problem becomes worse symptoms can increase to loss of strength and difficulty sleeping through the night.

Shoulder impingement-Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

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Recurrent shoulder dislocation

Dislocated Shoulder

A shoulder dislocation can cause weakness, numbness or tingling near the injury, for example down your arm or in your neck. The intensity of pain might increase if the muscles in your shoulder spasm from the disruption. Symptoms of a dislocated shoulder may include the obvious visibly out-of-place shoulder, intense pain and inability to move the joint.


Commonly, the symptoms of a SLAP tear are similar to many other shoulder problems. They include a decreased range of motion, a sensation of grinding, popping or locking, and pain with lifting or movement, especially lifting overhead or holding the shoulder in specific positions.

Slap Tear Shoulder Problems
Shoulder Arthritis

Shoulder Arthritis

Shoulder arthritis is damage to the cartilage inside the shoulder joint. The shoulder has two joints. Shoulder arthritis commonly refers to the bigger ball-and-socket joint named the glenohumeral joint after the bones it connects (glenoid and humerus). The cartilage covers both the ball (the humeral head) and the socket (the glenoid).

When the cartilage in the shoulder begins to break down on the surface and eventually in the deeper layers, it’s called shoulder arthritis. The second joint in the shoulder, the acromioclavicular or AC joint, can also develop arthritis known as AC joint arthritis.

Shoulder Trauma

(Fractures and Dislocations)

Trauma to the shoulder is common. Injuries range from a separated shoulder resulting from a fall onto the shoulder to a high-speed car accident that fractures the shoulder blade (scapula) or collarbone (clavicle). One thing is certain: everyone injures his or her shoulder at some point in life.

Shoulder Pain & Shoulder Injuries - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

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Shoulder Treatment Options: